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5 Denmark during the World Wars

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World Wars:




Abrahamsen, Samuel (1972) "The Rescue of Denmark's Jews. The American-Scandinavian Review Vol. 60 pp. 157-164. Also published in Leo Goldberger (ed.)(1987) The Rescue of the Danish Jews (New York & London) pp. 3-11



Adler, H.G. (1955) "Danish Jewry under German Occupation" Wiener Library Bulletin  Vol. 9 No. 1-2 pp. 12 & 16



Bak, Sofie Lene (2003) "Anti-Christ in mould. Anti-Semitism and apocalyptic thinking. A Danish milieu of pietism in the 1930s. Jahrbuch für Antisemitismusforschung/hrsg. Für das Zentrum für Antisemitismusforschung der Technischen Universität, Berlin, 12, 2003, pp. 169-184.


Bak, Sofie Lene (2009) "From rescue to escape in 1943: de-victimizing the Danish Jews." Paper at the International Conference Towards an Integrated Perspective on Nazi Policies of Mass Murder, HL-senteret/Center for Studies of Holocaust and Religious Minorities, Oslo, Norway, June 20-21, 2009.


Bak, ofie Lene (2010) "Between tradition and new departure - the dilemmas of collaboration in Denmark" in R. Stauber (ed.), Collaboration with the Nazis : Public Discourse after the Holocaust (Routledge) pp. 110-124


Bak Sofie Lene (2011) Nothing to speak of: Wartime Experiences of the Danish Jews 1943-45 (Copenhagen: Dansk Jødisk Museum) pp. 279


Bak, Sofie Lene (2012) "Holocaust in Horserød" Journal of Scandinavian Cinema, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 213-216


Bak, Sofie Lene (2013) "Bright hope and deep gloom – A new view of the 1943 rescue operation in Denmark" in A Jerichow & C. F. Stokholm Banke (eds), Civil Society and the Holocaust: International Perspectives on Resistance and Rescue. (New York: Humanity in Action Press) pp. 18-39


Bak, Sofie Lene (2013) "From rescue to escape in 1943: on a path to de-victimizing the Danish Jews", in M.L. Seeberg, I. Levin & C. Lenz (eds), The Holocaust as Active Memory . (Ashgate)


Bamberger, Ib Nathan (1983) The Viking Jews. A History of the Jews of Denmark  (New York: ?)


Barfod, Jørgen H. (1968) Escape from Nazi Terror: A Short Story of the Persecution of the Jews in Denmark and Norway and the Danish Underground Refugee Service. (Copenhagen)



Barfod, Jørgen (1983) "The Occupation of Denmark" in: Kings and Citizens. The history of the Jews in Denmark 1622-1983 pp. 72-79 (New York: The Jewish Museum)



Barfod, Jørgen (1985/1981) The Holocaust Failed in Denmark (Copenhagen)


Bastholm Jensen, M. and S.L.B. Jensen (eds.) (2003) Denmark and the Holocaust (Copenhagen: Institute for International Studies)


Bennett, Jeremy (1966) British Broadcasting and the Danish Resistance Movement 1940-1945 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press)



Borchsenius, Poul (1968) "Aspects of the Rescue of Danish Jews" Wiener Library Bulletin Vol. 22: 4pp. 36-40



Bramsnæs, C.V. (1946) The Danish National Bank during the German Occupation of Denmark (Copenhagen)



Buckser, A. (2001) "Rescue and Cultural context During the HOlocaust: Grundtvigian Nationalism and the REscue of the Danish Jews" Shofar 19:2.


Clemmensen, Michael (2007) The Danish Armed Forces 1909-1918 (Copenhagen: Royal Defence Academy) 139 pages www.navalhistory.dk/_pdfFiler/DanishArmedForces.pdf



Cruickshank, Charles (1986) SOE in Scandinavia. The Official History (Oxford: OUP)



Dethlefsen, Henrik (1990) "Denmark and the German Occupation: Cooperation, Negotiation or Collaboration?" Scandinavian Journal of History Vol. 15, pp. 193-206



Dildy, Doug (2007) Denmark and Norway 1940: Hitler's boldest operation (Campaign) (Osprey) 96 pages



Due-Nielsen, Carsten (1985) "Denmark and the First World War" Scandinavian Journal of History Vol. 10 pp. 1-18



Flender, Harold (1963) Rescue in Denmark (London:W.H. Allen) 224 pages



Flender, Harold (1973) "Rescue in Denmark on Rosh Hashanah" in Philip Goodman (ed.) The Rosh Hashanah Anthology (Philadelphia) pp. 223-229



Foighel, Isi (2007) The Miracle in Denmark: the Rescue of the Jews,1943-1945 transl. Martha Gaber Abrahamsen (Copenhagen: Christian Ejlers) 71 pages



Futselaar, Ralf (2009) Lard, Lice and Longevity. The Standard of Living in Occupied Denmark and The Netherlands, 1940-1945. Amsterdam, Aksant. 251 pages



Gilbert, Martin (Forthcoming)


Giltner, Philip (1998) "In the Friendliest Manner": German Danish Economic Cooperation During the Nazi-Occupation of 1940-1945 (New York:Peter Lang) 258 pages



Goldberger, Leo (ed.) (1987) The Rescue of the Danish Jews: Moral Courage under Stress (New York & London)


Halter, Marek (1998) Stories of Deliverance: Speaking with Men and Women who Rescued Jews from the Holocaust. (Illinois)



Hansen, Per (2002) "Business as Usual? The Danish Economy and Business During the German Occupation" in H. James & J. Tanner (eds) Enterprise in the Period of Fascism (Ashgate, Aldershot) pp. 115-43 



Hansen, Per (2006) "Dealing with the Problem of Business and German Hegemony, 1939-1945. Closing Remarks" in Joachim Lund (ed.) Working for the New Order. European Business Under German Domination, 1939-1945 (CBS Press and University of Southern Denmark Press) pp. 175-189



Hong, Nathaniel (1996) Sparks of Resistance. The Illegal Press in German Occupied Denmark April 1940-August 1943 (Odense)




Hæstrup, Jørgen (1976-77) The Secret Alliance Vols I-III (Odense:Odense University Press)



 Hæstrup, Jørgen (1987) "The Danish Jews and the German Occupation" in Leo Goldberger (ed.) The Rescue of the Danish Jews: Moral Courage under Stress (New York & London), pp. 13-53


Jacobs, Sidney J. (1979) When the New Year Came in Springtime. The Deeply Moving Story of the Rescue of the Danish Jews.


Jensen, Mette Bastholm and Steven L.B.Jensen, eds. (2003) Denmark and the Holocaust. (Copenhagen: The Danish Center for Holocaust and Genocide Studies).


Jespersen, Knud J.V. (2002) No Small Achievement: Special Operations Executive and the Danish Resistance 1940-1945 (Odense)




Jespersen, Knud J.V. (2003) "From Arsonist to Fire Brigade: Special Operations Executive and Danish Resistance 1940-1945" in Sevaldsen (ed.) Britain and Denmark pp. 279-289




Kaarsted, Tage (1979) Great Britain and Denmark 1914-1920 (Odense: Odense University Press)



Kirchhoff Hans (1992) "Foreign Policy and Rationality - the Danish Capitulation of 9 April 1940. An Outline of Action" Scandinavian Journal of History  Vol.16, p. 31ff.




Kirchhoff, Hans (1994) "SS-Gruppenführer Werner Best and the Action Against the Danish Jews -October 1943 Yad Vashem Studies  24 pp. 195-222




Kirchhoff, Hans (1995) "Denmark: A Light in the Darkness of the Holocaust? A Reply to Gunnar S. Poulssen" Journal of Contemporary History 30:3 pp. 465-479




Kirchhoff, Hans (1999) "Doing All That Can Be Done" - The Swedish Foreign Ministry and the Persecution of Jews in Denmark in Octrober 1943. A Study in Humanitarian Aid and Realpolitik" Scandinavian Journal of History 24 pp.1-43




Kirchhoff, Hans (2001) "Denmark" in Walter Laqueuer (ed.) The Holocaust Encyclopedia pp. 145-148 (New Haven & London: Yale University Press)




Kirchhoff, Hans (2000) "Denmark" in Bob Moore (ed.) Resistance in Western Europe (Oxford: Berg Publishers) pp. 93-124




Kjældbeck, Esben (      )


Koch, Lene (2002) "The Ethos of Science" Scandinavian Journal of History (September) Vol. 27, No.3 pp. 167-173


Kristensen, Henrik Skov (1991) "Western Allied Air Raids in Denmark during World War II" in R. Bohn, Jürgen Elvert, H. Rebas and M. Salewske (eds.) Newutralität und totalitäre Aggression. Nordeuropa und die Grossmächte im Zweiten Weltkrieg, pp. 399-418. Stuttgart.


Kristensen, Henrik Skov (2003) "British Air Raids in Denmark during World War II" in Sevaldsen (ed.) Britain and Denmark.Political, Economic and Cultural Relations in the 19th and 20th Centuries (Copenhagen:MTP) pp 311-342


Kristensen, Henrik Skov (2008) "The Museum of Danish Resistance and the Frøslev Camp Museum as Places o Danish Remembrance" in R. Bohn, C. Cornelissen and Karl Christian Lammers (eds.) Vergangenheitspolitik und Erinnerungskulturen im Schattendes Zweiten Weltkriegs. Deutchland und Skandinavien seit 1945, pp. 169-180.


Lammers, Karl Christian (2011) "The Holocaust and Collective Memory in Scandinavia. The Danish Case" Scandinavian Journal of History Vol. 36, No.5. December, pp. 570-586.


Lampe, D. (1957) The Danish Resistance (New York).


Lenz, Claudia and Bjerg, Helle (2007) “”To be honest I don’t think she has much to say.”: Gender and authority in memories in the second World War in Denmark and Norway.” Soumen Antropologi 32, no. 2: 34–44.


Lenz, Claudia and Bjerg, Helle (2008) “”If only grandfather were here to tell us…”: Gender as a category in the culture of memory of the Occupation in Denmark and Norway.” In Sylvia Paletschek and Schraut Sylvia (eds) Gendering Memory.  New York: Campus.


Levine, E. (2001) Darkness over Denmark. The Danish REsistance and the Rescue of the Jews (New York)



Loeffler, M., K. Dyby and J.M. Nielsen (2000) Boats in the Night. Knud Dyby's involvement in the Rescue of the Danish Jews and the Danish Resistance. (Blair)



Lund, Jens (1975) "The Legend of the KIng and the Star" Indiana Folklore Vol. 8 No. 1-2



Lund, Joachim (2004) 'Denmark and the "European New Order", 1940-1942', Contemporary European History 13/3. Cambridge



Lund, Joachim (2006) "Business Elite Networks in Denmark: Adjusting to German Domination" in Lund (ed.) Working for the New Order - European Business under German Domination 1939-1945 (CBS Press/Syddansk Universitetsforlag)




Lundbak, Henrik (2003) Danish Unity: A Political Party between Fascism and Resistance 1936-1947 (Copenhagen: Museum Tusculanum Press) 312 pages




Lundgreen-Nielsen, Kay (1998) "The Reaction of Denmark to the Briand Plan" in A.Fleury (ed.) Le Plan Briand d'Union fédérale européenne. (Bern: Peter Lang) pp. 373-398.



Mallow, J.V. (1995) "The Rescue of Danish Jewry" Midstream Vol. 41 No.3 (New York) pp. 22-25



Meltzer, M. (1988) Rescue. The Story of How Gentiles Svaed Jews in the Holocaust (New York)


Möller, Hans (1995) Rescue of Jews from Annihilation: Resistance and Responsibility in Nazi-Occupied Denmark" Fontanus from the collections of McGill University Vol. 8 pp. 97-108




Nissen, Henrik (ed.) (1983) Scandinavia during the Second World War (Mineapolis)




Nissen, M. R. (2004) "Prices on Food 1940 - 1945. Nazi price policy in occupied Denmark." NORDEUROPAforum. Zeitschrift für Politik, Wirtschaft und Kultur. 14. Jahrgang. 1, pp. 25 -44.




Nissen, M. R. (2006) "Danish Food Production in the German War Economy" in  Frank Trentmann & Flemming Just (eds.) Food and Conflict in Europe in the Age of the Two World War (Palgrave Macmillan) pp. 172-192




Nyboe Andersen, Paul (1942) Danish Exchange Policy 1914-1939: A Report to the Geneva Research Centre (Copenhagen)




Paulsson, Gunnar S. (1995) "The Bridge over the Øresund. The Histoirography of the Expulsion of the Danish Jews from the Nazi-Occupied Denamrk" Journal of Contemporary History Vol. 30:3 (July) pp. 431-464.



Pedersen, Jan (1993) "The Production and Sale of Industrial Knowledge: International Licensing of the Danish B & W Marine Diesel Engine, 1912-1932" Scandinavian Economic History Review & Economy and History Vol XLI, No 3, pp. 221-241



Petrow, Richard (1974) The Bitter Years: The Invasion and Occupation of Denmark and Norway, April 1940-May 1945  (William Morrow) 403 pages


Poser, Norman S. (2006) Escape. A Jewish Scandinavian family in the Second Wrold War (New York)


Poulsen, Henning (1997) "Denmark at War? The Occupation as History" in: S. Ekman and N. Edling War Experience, Self Image and National Identity: The Second World War as Myth and History (Stockholm) pp. 98-114.


Pundik, Herbert (1994) "The Escape of 1943" in: Karen Lisa Goldschmidt Salamon (ed.) A guide to Jewish Denmark pp. 26-43


Roslyng-Jensen, P. (1986)  The Military and Danish Democracy. Civilmilitary Relations in Denmark during the German Occupation, 1940–45, Scandinavian Journal of History, 11:3, pp. 243-263


Roslyng-Jensen, P.  (2008), “ ‘Collaboration d’etat’ and the people at War in Denmark. The Developement of Discourses”,  in R. Bohn, C Cornelissen & K.C. Lammers (eds) , Vergangenheitspolitik und Erinnerungskulturen im Schatten des Zweiten Weltkriegs. Deutschland und Skandinavien seit 1945. Stollfuß Verlag Bonn GmbH & Co. KG, Essen, pp. 122-138.



Roslyng-Jensen, P. (2010), “The Danish Press during the German Occupation: Between Indirect and Direct Control and from Dominant to Negotiated Reading”', in S. Dosenrode (ed.) , Pressefrihed: Om censur, selvcensur og presseetik, Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft mbH & Co. KG, Baden-Baden, pp. 79-96.


Ryan, Mark (2009) The Hornet's Sting: the amazing untold story of World War II spy Thomas Sneum (New York: Skyhorse publishing) 386 pages



Seymour, Susan (1982) Anglo-Danish Relations and Germany 1933-1945 (Odense: Odense University Press)




Skov, Niels Aage (1997) Letter to my Descendents (Odense)



Stern, Erik (1994) The Danes' Reaction to Nazi Occupation Policy: The Parliamentary Election, Tuesday 23 March 1943 (Providence)



Stokholm Banke, C.F. (forthcoming) "The Legacies of the Holocaust: Scandinavian small states' foreign policy" in: R. Wodak (ed.) Braking Silence or Making a Clean Break. Sites and Modes of Commeration. Bruno Kreisky Forum.


Stokholm Banke, C.F. (2007) "Welfare, refugees and rescue. Denmark and the Jewish Questio 1933-1945" DIIS Working Paper 2007:3.www.diis.dk/graphics/Publications/WP2007/DIIS_WP_2007-31_web.pdf



Strange, John,. Ole Farver & Ove Nathan (eds.) (1993) Rescue 43. Xenophobia and exile (Articles from Conference at University of Copenhagen, 3-5 October 1993).


Stræde, Therkel and H. Rovsing Olsen(1993) October 193. The Rescue of the Danish Jews from Annihilation.


Søland, Birgitte (2000?) Becoming modern, young women and the reconstruction of womanhood in the 1920's (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press).


The Danish Solution (2003) Film documentary by Karen Cantor & Camilla Kjerluff with Therkel Stræde as main consultant.


Sørensen, Nils Arne (2008) "The Afterlife of the War Experience in Danish Political Culture". In: Robert Bohn, Christoph Cornelissen and Karl C. Lammers (eds.), Vergangenheitspolitik und Erinnerungskulturen im Schatten des Zweiten WEltkriegs. Deutschland und Skandinavin seit 1945, pp. 67-80. (Essen: Klartext).


Topp N-H.(1997) "Unemployment in Denmark in the 1930s" Scandinavian Economic History Review 2, pp.131-141.



Tortzen, Christian (2003) "Danish Merchant Seamen and their Ships in British Service 1940-1945" in: Sevaldsen ed. Britain and Denmark pp. 291-310



Tveskov, Peter (2003) Conquered, Not Defeated: Growing Up in Denmark During the German Occupation of World War II (Hellgate Press) 105 pages



Werner, Emmy E. (2002) A Conspiracy of Decency: The Rescue of the Danish Jews During World War II  (Westview Press) 288 pages



Yahil, Leni (1964) The Danish Jews at the time of the Holocaust (Tel Aviv)




Yahil, Leni (1969) The Rescue of Danish Jewry. Test of a Democracy (Philadelphia)




Yahil, Leni (1972) "Methods of Persecution; A comparison of the "final solution" in Holland and Denmark Scripta Hierosolymitana  23 (Jerusalem) pp. 279-300




Yahil, Leni (1977) "The uniqueness of the rescue of Danish Jewry" in: Y. Gutman and E. Zuroff (eds.) Rescue attempts during the Holocaust. Proceedings of the Second Yad Vashem International Historical Conference - April 1974 (Jerusalem: Yad Vashem) pp. 617-625


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